Introduction To Ecological Biochemistry

Introduction to Ecological Biochemistry PDF
Author: J. B. Harborne
Publisher: Academic Press
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 384
View: 6042

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Book Description:
Ecological biochemistry concerns the biochemistry of interactions between animals, plants and the environment, and includes such diverse subjects as plant adaptations to soil pollutants and the effects of plant toxins on herbivores. The intriguing dependence of the Monarch butterfly on its host plants is chosen as an example of plant-animal coevolution in action. The ability to isolate trace amounts of a substance from plant tissues has led to a wealth of new research, and the fourth edition of this well-known text has consequently been extensively revised. New sections have been provided on the cost of chemical defence and on the release of predator-attracting volatiles from plants. New information has been included on cyanogenesis, the protective role of tannins in plants and the phenomenon of induced defence in plant leaves following herbivory. Advanced level students and research workers aloke will find much of value in this comprehensive text, written by an acknowledged expert on this fascinating subject. The book covers the biochemistry of interactions between animals, plants and the environment, and includes such diverse subjects as plant adaptations to soil pollutants and the effects of plant toxins on herbivores The intriguing dependence of the Monarch butterfly on its host plants is chosen as an example of plant-animal coevolution in action New sections have been added on the cost of chemical defence and on the release of predators attracting volatiles from plants New information has been included on cyanogenesis, the protective role of tannins in plants and the phenomenon of induced defence in plant leaves following herbivory


Ecological Biochemistry

Ecological Biochemistry PDF
Author: Gerd-Joachim Krauss
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 440
View: 1720

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Book Description:
The first stand-alone textbook for at least ten years on this increasingly hot topic in times of global climate change and sustainability in ecosystems. Ecological biochemistry refers to the interaction of organisms with their abiotic environment and other organisms by chemical means. Biotic and abiotic factors determine the biochemical flexibility of organisms, which otherwise easily adapt to environmental changes by altering their metabolism. Sessile plants, in particular, have evolved intricate biochemical response mechanisms to fit into a changing environment. This book covers the chemistry behind these interactions, bottom up from the atomic to the system's level. An introductory part explains the physico-chemical basis and biochemical roots of living cells, leading to secondary metabolites as crucial bridges between organisms and the respective ecosystem. The focus then shifts to the biochemical interactions of plants, fungi and bacteria within terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems with the aim of linking biochemical insights to ecological research, also in human-influenced habitats. A section is devoted to methodology, which allows network-based analyses of molecular processes underlying systems phenomena. A companion website offering an extended version of the introductory chapter on Basic Biochemical Roots is available at http://www.wiley.com/go/Krauss/Nies/EcologicalBiochemistry


Introduction To Ecological Biochemistry

Introduction to Ecological Biochemistry PDF
Author: Jeffrey B. Harborne
Publisher:
Category : Biochemistry
Languages : en
Pages : 356
View: 6089

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Book Description:
Ecological biochemistry concerns the biochemistry of interactions between animals, plants and the environment, and includes such diverse subjects as plant adaptations to soil pollutants and the effects of plant toxins on herbivores. The intriguing dependence of the Monarch butterfly on its host plants is chosen as an example of plant-animal coevolution in action. The ability to isolate trace amounts of a substance from plant tissues has led to a wealth of new research, and the fourth edition of this well-known text has consequently been extensively revised. New sections have been provided on the cost of chemical defence and on the release of predator-attracting volatiles from plants. New information has been included on cyanogenesis, the protective role of tannins in plants and the phenomenon of induced defence in plant leaves following herbivory. Advanced level students and research workers aloke will find much of value in this comprehensive text, written by an acknowledged expert on this fascinating subject.


Environmental And Ecological Biochemistry

Environmental and Ecological Biochemistry PDF
Author: Peter W. Hochachka
Publisher: Elsevier Science Limited
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 455
View: 5814

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Book Description:
Hardbound. This fifth volume in this established series deals with the biochemical responses of fish to different environmental/ecological factors. Topics covered include oxygen availability, effects of temperature and pressure, adverse effects of metabolites, effects of stress and many more.The book should be of interest to fish biochemists and physiologists, aquaculturists and many other fisheries and animal scientists.


Environmental And Ecological Biochemistry

Environmental and Ecological Biochemistry PDF
Author: Mommes E.
Publisher:
Category : Fishes
Languages : en
Pages : 455
View: 6276

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Book Description:
This fifth volume in this established series deals with the biochemical responses of fish to different environmental/ecological factors. Topics covered include oxygen availability, effects of temperature and pressure, adverse effects of metabolites, effects of stress and many more. P The book should be of interest to fish biochemists and physiologists, aquaculturists and many other fisheries and animal scientists.


Allelopathy In Ecological Agriculture And Forestry

Allelopathy in Ecological Agriculture and Forestry PDF
Author: S.S. Narwal
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 267
View: 6226

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Book Description:
The rapidly growing human population has increased the dependence on fossil fuel based agrochemicals such as fertilizers and pesticides to produce the required agricultural and forestry products. This has exerted a great pressure on the non renewable fossil fuel resources, which cannot last indefinitely. Besides, indiscriminate use ofpesticides for pests (weeds, insects, nematodes, pathogens) control has resulted in serious ecological and environmental problems viz. , (A) Increasing incidence of resistance in pest organisms to important pesticides. (B) Shift in pests population, particulary in weeds and insects. In weeds, species that are more closely related to the crops they infest have developed. In insects, scenario is most grim, the predators have been killed and minor insect pests have become major pests and require very heavy doses ofhighly toxic insecticides for their control. (C) Greater environmental pollution and health hazards (a) particularly from contamination of surface and underground drinking water resources and (b) from their inhalation during handling and application. (D) Toxic residues of pesticides pollute the environment and may prove hazardous to even our future generations. (E) Some agricultural commodities may contain minute quantities ofpesticides residues, with long tenn adverse effects on human and livestock health. Therefore, serious ecological questions about the reliance on pesticides for pests control has been raised. The use of fertilizers, besides causing environmental problems has also impoverished the soil health and decreased the beneficial soil fauna. For example, in some major crop rotations viz.


Plant Physiological Ecology

Plant Physiological Ecology PDF
Author: H. Lambers
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 540
View: 7720

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Book Description:
The growth, reproduction and geographical distribution of plants are profoundly influenced by their physiological ecology: the interaction with the surrounding physical, chemical and biological environments. This textbook is notable in emphasizing that the mechanisms underlying plant physiological ecology can be found at the levels of biochemistry, biophysics, molecular biology and whole-plant physiology. At the same time, the integrative power of physiological ecology is well-suited to assess the costs, benefits and consequences of modifying plants for human needs, and to evaluate the role of plants in ecosystems.Plant Physiological Ecology begins with the primary processes of carbon metabolism and transport, plant-water relations, and energy balance. After considering individual leaves and whole plants, these physiological processes are then scaled up to the level of the canopy. Subsequent chapters discuss mineral nutrition and the ways in which plants cope with nutrient-deficient or toxic soils. The book then looks at patterns of growth and allocation, life-history traits, and interactions between plants and other organisms. Later chapters deal with traits that affect decomposition of plant material and with plant physiological ecology at the level of ecosystems and global environmental processes.Plant Physiological Ecology features numerous boxed entries that provide extended discussions of selected issues, a glossary, and numerous references to the primary and review literature. The significant new text is suitable for use in plant ecology courses, as well as classes ranging from plant physiology to plant molecular biology.


Ecological Chemistry And Biochemistry Of Plant Terpenoids

Ecological Chemistry and Biochemistry of Plant Terpenoids PDF
Author: Phytochemical Society of Europe
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 439
View: 5389

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Book Description:
The plant terpenoids exhibit enormous structural and functional diversity. They are involved in regulating plant growth, acting as accessory pigments in photosynthesis, and attracting animals to plants for pollination purposes. This is the most up-to-date work on the subject, authored by a panel of distinguished international experts. It reviews the chemistry, chemistry, chemotaxonomy, biochemistry, biosynthesis, physiology, pharmacology, and toxicology of plant terpenoids. The work will interest plant and ecological biochemists, and plant scientists.


Animal Behavior Desk Reference

Animal Behavior Desk Reference PDF
Author: Edward M. Barrows
Publisher: CRC Press
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 936
View: 6744

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Book Description:
Revised and updated, containing over 5,000 entries, with over 1,100 more entries than in the previous edition, Animal Behavior Desk Reference, Second Edition: A Dictionary of Behavior, Ecology, and Evolution provides definitions for terms in animal behavior, biogeography, evolution, ecology, genetics, psychology, statistics, systematics, and other