Economics Of South African Townships

Economics of South African Townships PDF
Author: Sandeep Mahajan
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 294
View: 6790

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Book Description:
Countries everywhere are divided within into two distinct spatial realms: one urban, one rural. Classic models of development predict faster growth in the urban sector, causing rapid migration from rural areas to cities, lifting average incomes in both places. The situation in South Africa throws up an unconventional challenge. The country has symptoms of a spatial realm that is not not rural, not fully urban, lying somewhat in limbo. This is the realm of the country’s townships and informal settlements (T&IS). In many ways, the townships and especially the informal settlements are similar to developing world slums, although never was a slum formed with as much central planning and purpose as were some of the larger South African townships. And yet, there is something distinct about the T&IS. For one thing, unlike most urban slums, most T&IS are geographically distant from urban economic centers. Exacerbated by the near absence of an affordable public transport system, this makes job seeking and other forms of economic integration prohibitively expensive. Motivated by their uniqueness and their special place in South African economic and social life, this study seeks to develop a systematic understanding of the structure of the township economy. What emerges is a rich information base on the migration patterns to T&IS, changes in their demographic profiles, their labor market characteristics, and their access to public and financial services. The study then look closely at Diepsloot, a large township in the Johannesburg Metropolitan Area, to bring out more vividly the economic realities and choices of township residents. Given the current dichotomous urban structure, modernizing the township economy and enabling its convergence with the much richer urban centers has the potential to unleash significant productivity gains. Breaking out of the current low-level equilibrium however will require a comprehensive and holistic policy agenda, with significant complementarities among the major policy reforms. While the study tells a rich and coherent story about development patterns in South African townships and points to some broad policy directions, its research and analysis will generally need to be deepened before being translated into direct policy action.


The Geography Of South Africa

The Geography of South Africa PDF
Author: Jasper Knight
Publisher: Springer
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 326
View: 916

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Book Description:
This edited collection examines contemporary directions in geographical research on South Africa. It encompasses a cross section of selected themes of critical importance not only to the discipline of Geography in South Africa, but also of relevance to other areas of the Global South. All chapters are original contributions, providing a state of the art research baseline on key themes in physical, human and environmental geography, and in understanding the changing geographical landscapes of modern South Africa. These contributions set the scene for an understanding of the relationships between modern South Africa and the wider contemporary world, including issues of sustainable development and growth in the Global South.


The Oxford Companion To The Economics Of South Africa

The Oxford Companion to the Economics of South Africa PDF
Author: Haroon Bhorat
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 384
View: 7392

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Book Description:
In 1994 South Africa saw the end of apartheid. The new era of political freedom was seen as the foundation for economic prosperity and inclusion. The last two decades have seen mixed results. Economic growth has been volatile. While inequalities in public services have been reduced, income inequality has increased, and poverty has remained stagnant. As the twentieth anniversary of the transition to democracy approaches in 2014, the economic policy debates in South Africa are in full flow. They combine a stocktake of the various programs of the last two decades with a forward looking discussion of strategy in the face of an ever open but volatile global economy. Underlying the discourse are basic and often unresolved differences on an appropriate strategy for an economy like South Africa, with a strong natural resource base but with deeply entrenched inherited inequalities, especially across race. This volume contributes to the policy and analytical debate by pulling together perspectives on a range of issues: micro, macro, sectoral, country wide and global, from leading economists working on South Africa. Other than the requirement that it be analytical and not polemical, the contributors were given freedom to put forward their particular perspective on their topic. The economists invited are from within South Africa and from outside; from academia and the policy world; from international and national level economic policy agencies. The contributors include recognized world leaders in South African economic analysis, as well as the very best of the younger crop of economists who are working on the study of South Africa, the next generation of leaders in thought and policy.


The Moral Ecology Of South Africa S Township Youth

The Moral Ecology of South Africa   s Township Youth PDF
Author: S. Swartz
Publisher: Springer
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 228
View: 7700

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Book Description:
This book provides an engaging account of the moral lives of young black South Africans once the struggle against apartheid ended and took away their object of political resistance. It shows how partial-parenting, partial-schooling, and pervasive poverty contributes to how a group of young people construct right and wrong and what rules govern their behavior.


Local Economic Development In The Developing World

Local Economic Development In The Developing World PDF
Author: Etienne Louis Nel
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 358
View: 1587

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Book Description:
Over the last two decades the concept and practice of Local Economic Development (LED) has gained widespread acceptance around the world as a locally-based response to the challenges posed by globalization, devolution, local-level opportunities, and economic crises. Support for local economic development is now firmly on the agenda of many national governments and key international agencies. This volume examines the debates about Local Economic Development and examines some of the unfolding experiences of LED in the developing world. The focus is upon the region of southern Africa, and more especially upon post-apartheid South Africa. LED emerged in South Africa as one of the more significant post-apartheid development options being pursued by empowered localities with the overt encouragement of national government. Elsewhere in the developing world, much interest surrounds the experience of LED in post-apartheid South Africa, which is seen as a laboratory for experimentation, innovation, and learning. The seventeen chapters in this book examine the range of LED interventions that have been the basis for experimentation in the last decade, including both pro-market as well as pro-poor interventions. Key themes include debates about the most appropriate policy directions for LED, its contribution towards sustainable development, the role of social capital, cluster support, public procurement, eco-development, good governance and tourism-led LED. The book also contains a series of detailed case studies on the implementation of LED in South Africa and the wider region of southern Africa, including analyses of LED undertaken at a variety of scales from the provincial, metropolitan, and small-town level. Until now, most research on local economic development has focused on the developed world. This volume breaks new ground in applying LED policy and practices to problems specific to the developing world. It will be of interest to scholars of development studies, urban and regional planning, human geography, and urban studies. "This compelling and comprehensive book provides a look at the innovative (including pro-poor) local economic development strategies being used in South Africa. The contributors [to Local Economic Development in the Changing World: The Experience of Southern Africa] are among the very best scholars in the field." -Gary Gaile, University of Colorado "Etienne Nel and Christian Rogerson have produced an excellent book on local economic development in South Africa. The chapters in this timely volume contain many valuable lessons for both the developing and the developed world. Of particular importance is the policy focus of Nel and Rogerson on investing in and empowering low-income workers, entrepreneurs, families, and neighborhoods. Because of the special emphasis on inclusive economic development strategies, this book is a very useful guide to what the Prague Institute calls "Treating People and Communities as Assets." -Dr. Marc A. Weiss, Chairman and CEO, Prague Institute for Global Urban Development Etienne Nel is associate professor in the Department of Geography of Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa. Christian M. Rogerson is professor of human geography, School of Geography, Archaeology, and Environmental Studies, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.


Africa Continent Of Economic Opportunity

Africa  Continent of Economic Opportunity PDF
Author: David Fick
Publisher: Real African Publishers
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 520
View: 4872

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Book Description:
Divided into geographic regions and representing every African nation, this comprehensive collection of case studies explores how successful business enterprises of varying size, along with community projects, help to create jobs in Africa. A valuable guide to conducting business anywhere on the continent, this account also offers information on finding business opportunities and handling oft-encountered problems.


The Geography Of Tropical African Development

The Geography of Tropical African Development PDF
Author: A. M. O'Connor
Publisher: Elsevier
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 260
View: 1477

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Book Description:
This best selling textbook focuses on the changes in geographical patterns that have taken place in recent years i.e. on the geographical pattern of recent and current economic change. The area covered includes the countries lying between the limits of the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. In this second edition substantial changes have been made in every chapter in order to keep up to date in respect of both the geographical pattern of development and prevailing attitudes towards it. The discussion is still largely confined to the twenty year period between 1956 and 1976, and to the economic component of development