Forensic Medicine And Death Investigation In Medieval England

Forensic Medicine and Death Investigation in Medieval England PDF
Author: Sara M. Butler
Publisher: Routledge
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 312
View: 297

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Book Description:
England has traditionally been understood as a latecomer to the use of forensic medicine in death investigation, lagging nearly two-hundred years behind other European authorities. Using the coroner's inquest as a lens, this book hopes to offer a fresh perspective on the process of death investigation in medieval England. The central premise of this book is that medical practitioners did participate in death investigation – although not in every inquest, or even most, and not necessarily in those investigations where we today would deem their advice most pertinent. The medieval relationship with death and disease, in particular, shaped coroners' and their jurors' understanding of the inquest's medical needs and led them to conclusions that can only be understood in context of the medieval world's holistic approach to health and medicine. Moreover, while the English resisted Southern Europe's penchant for autopsies, at times their findings reveal a solid understanding of internal medicine. By studying cause of death in the coroners' reports, this study sheds new light on subjects such as abortion by assault, bubonic plague, cruentation, epilepsy, insanity, senescence, and unnatural death.


Making Murder Public

Making Murder Public PDF
Author: K. J. Kesselring
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 224
View: 7187

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Book Description:
Homicide has a history. In early modern England, that history saw two especially notable developments: one, the emergence in the sixteenth century of a formal distinction between murder and manslaughter, made meaningful through a lighter punishment than death for the latter, and two, a significant reduction in the rates of homicides individuals perpetrated on each other. Making Murder Public explores connections between these two changes. It demonstrates the value in distinguishing between murder and manslaughter, or at least in seeing how that distinction came to matter in a period which also witnessed dramatic drops in the occurrence of homicidal violence. Focused on the 'politics of murder', Making Murder Public examines how homicide became more effectively criminalized between 1480 and 1680, with chapters devoted to coroners' inquests, appeals and private compensation, duels and private vengeance, and print and public punishment. The English had begun moving away from treating homicide as an offence subject to private settlements or vengeance long before other Europeans, at least from the twelfth century. What happened in the early modern period was, in some ways, a continuation of processes long underway, but intensified and refocused by developments from 1480 to 1680. Making Murder Public argues that homicide became fully 'public' in these years, with killings seen to violate a 'king's peace' that people increasingly conflated with or subordinated to the 'public peace' or 'public justice.'


Crossing Borders Boundaries And Margins In Medieval And Early Modern Britain

Crossing Borders  Boundaries and Margins in Medieval and Early Modern Britain PDF
Author: Sara Butler
Publisher:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 296
View: 1176

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Book Description:
The twelve essays in Crossing Borders: Boundaries and Margins in Medieval and Early Modern Britain examine marches and margins as jurisdictional, legal, and social expressions of power, building upon the scholarship of Professor Cynthia J. Neville.


Glaubensstreit Und Gel Chter

Glaubensstreit und Gel  chter PDF
Author: Christoph Auffarth
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
Category : Christianity and culture
Languages : de
Pages : 217
View: 5047

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Handbook Of Death And Dying

Handbook of Death and Dying PDF
Author: Clifton D. Bryant
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 1144
View: 292

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Book Description:
Dying is a social as well as physiological phenomenon. Each society characterizes and, consequently, treats death and dying in its own individual ways—ways that differ markedly. These particular patterns of death and dying engender modal cultural responses, and such institutionalized behavior has familiar, economical, educational, religious, and political implications. The Handbook of Death and Dying takes stock of the vast literature in the field of thanatology, arranging and synthesizing what has been an unwieldy body of knowledge into a concise, yet comprehensive reference work. This two-volume handbook will provide direction and momentum to the study of death-related behavior for many years to come. Key Features More than 100 contributors representing authoritative expertise in a diverse array of disciplines Anthropology Family Studies History Law Medicine Mortuary Science Philosophy Psychology Social work Sociology Theology A distinguished editorial board of leading scholars and researchers in the field More than 100 definitive essays covering almost every dimension of death-related behavior Comprehensive and inclusive, exploring concepts and social patterns within the larger topical concern Journal article length essays that address topics with appropriate detail Multidisciplinary and cross-cultural coverage


Die Zweite Erschaffung Der Welt

Die zweite Erschaffung der Welt PDF
Author: Floris Cohen
Publisher: Campus Verlag
Category : History
Languages : de
Pages : 283
View: 1671

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Book Description:
Schon Aristoteles und Ptolemaios, aber auch arabische Gelehrte des Mittelalters wussten erstaunlich viel über die Zusammenhänge in der Natur, über Mathematik, Astronomie und Physik. Doch erst Descartes und Tycho Brahe, Kepler, Galilei und Newton gelang es, durch eine wissenschaftliche Revolution die Welt neu zu erschaffen. Spannend und für jeden verständlich erzählt Floris Cohen die Geschichte von der Entstehung der modernen Naturwissenschaft. Im Vergleich mit den antiken und mittelalterlichen Vorläufern erklärt er, was die Gelehrten des 17. Jahrhunderts anders machten: Sie entwickelten nicht nur Theorien, sie probierten diese auch aus, stützten ihre Beobachtungen durch Experimente und nutzten die Mathematik bei der Formulierung von Gesetzen. So schildert Cohen jene Entwicklungen, welche die industrielle Revolution in Europa erst ermöglichten. Ein Buch für alle, die neugierig sind auf eine ferne, fremde Welt, in der die Grundlagen für unser heutiges Leben geschaffen wurden.


Medicolegal Death Investigation System

Medicolegal Death Investigation System PDF
Author: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 85
View: 3716

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Book Description:
The US Department of Justice's National Institute of Justice (NIJ) asked the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of The National Academies to conduct a workshop that would examine the interface of the medicolegal death investigation system and the criminal justice system. NIJ was particularly interested in a workshop in which speakers would highlight not only the status and needs of the medicolegal death investigation system as currently administered by medical examiners and coroners but also its potential to meet emerging issues facing contemporary society in America. Additionally, the workshop was to highlight priority areas for a potential IOM study on this topic. To achieve those goals, IOM constituted the Committee for the Workshop on the Medicolegal Death Investigation System, which developed a workshop that focused on the role of the medical examiner and coroner death investigation system and its promise for improving both the criminal justice system and the public health and health care systems, and their ability to respond to terrorist threats and events. Six panels were formed to highlight different aspects of the medicolegal death investigation system, including ways to improve it and expand it beyond its traditional response and meet growing demands and challenges. This report summarizes the Workshop presentations and discussions that followed them.


Forensic Science

Forensic Science PDF
Author: Suzanne Bell
Publisher: CRC Press
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 348
View: 6409

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Book Description:
Covering a range of fundamental topics essential to modern forensic investigation, the fifth edition of the landmark text Forensic Science: An Introduction to Scientific and Investigative Techniques presents contributions and case studies from the personal files of experts in the field. In the fully updated 5th edition, Bell combines these testimonies into an accurate and engrossing account of cutting edge of forensic science across many different areas. Designed for a single-term course at the undergraduate level, the book begins by discussing the intersection of law and forensic science, how things become evidence, and how courts decide if an item or testimony is admissible. The text invites students to follow evidence all the way from the crime scene into laboratory analysis and even onto the autopsy table. Forensic Science offers the fullest breadth of subject matter of any forensic text available, including forensic anthropology, death investigation (including entomology), bloodstain pattern analysis, firearms, tool marks, and forensic analysis of questioned documents. Going beyond theory to application, this text incorporates the wisdom of forensic practitioners who discuss the real cases they have investigated. Textboxes in each chapter provide case studies, current events, and advice for career advancement. A brand-new feature, Myths in Forensic Science, highlights the differences between true forensics and popular media fictions. Each chapter begins with an overview and ends with a summary, and key terms, review questions, and up-to-date references. Appropriate for any sensibility, more than 350 full-color photos from real cases give students a true-to-life learning experience. *Access to identical eBook version included Features Showcases contributions from high-profile experts in the field Highlights real-life case studies from experts’ personal files, along with stunning full-color photographs Organizes chapters into topics most popular for coursework Covers of all forms of evidence, from bloodstain patterns to questioned documents Includes textboxes with historical notes, myths in forensic science, and advice for career advancement Provides chapter summaries, key terms, review questions, and further reading Includes access to an identical eBook version Ancillaries for Instructors: PowerPoint® lecture slides for every chapter A full Instructor’s Manual with hundreds of questions and answers—including multiple choice Additional chapters from previous editions Two extra in-depth case studies on firearms and arson (photos included) Further readings on entomological evidence and animal scavenging (photos included)


Forensic Science

Forensic Science PDF
Author: Stuart H. James
Publisher: CRC Press
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 720
View: 1838

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Book Description:
Criminal profiling, cyberforensics, accident reconstruction. Forensic Science: An Introduction to Scientific and Investigative Techniques is the first introductory text to present forensic science in its broadest sense, encompassing classic criminalistics and beyond. Packed with over 350 full-color illustrations, the book offers a cutting-ed