Marine Biodiversity Conservation

Marine Biodiversity Conservation PDF
Author: Keith Hiscock
Publisher: Routledge
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 318
View: 595

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Book Description:
Effective marine biodiversity conservation is dependent upon a clear scientific rationale for practical interventions. This book is intended to provide knowledge and tools for marine conservation practitioners and to identify issues and mechanisms for upper-level undergraduate and Masters students. It also provides sound guidance for marine biology field course work and professionals. The main focus is on benthic species living on or in the seabed and immediately above, rather than on commercial fisheries or highly mobile vertebrates. Such species, including algae and invertebrates, are fundamental to a stable and sustainable marine ecosystem. The book is a practical guide based on a clear exposition of the principles of marine ecology and species biology to demonstrate how marine conservation issues and mechanisms have been tackled worldwide and especially the criteria, structures and decision trees that practitioners and managers will find useful. Well illustrated with conceptual diagrams and flow charts, the book includes case study examples from both temperate and tropical marine environments.


Delineating Priority Areas For Marine Biodiversity Conservation In The Coral Triangle

Delineating Priority Areas for Marine Biodiversity Conservation in the Coral Triangle PDF
Author:
Publisher:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 7094

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Book Description:
Abstract: Identifying priority areas for biodiversity conservation requires systematic approaches and integrated ecological and biological information. Here, we applied a range of ecological criteria to assess areas of biodiversity importance in the Coral Triangle region, a priority region for marine biodiversity conservation because of its high species richness and endemicity. We used distribution data of three biogenic habitats to assess the criterion of sensitive habitat, modeled geographic distributions of 10, 672 species ranges and occurrence records of 19, 251 species to evaluate the criterion of species richness, distributions of 834 species of special conservation concern to examine the criterion of species of conservation concern, distributions of 373 reef fish species to assess the criterion of restricted-range species, and distribution of nesting sites and migratory route of six species of sea turtle to evaluate the criterion of areas of importance for particular life history stages. We identified areas of biodiversity importance by superimposing each of the different criterion. We performed two tiers of multi-criteria analysis: (1) a Coral Triangle regional level analysis to identify "clustered hotspots" ( i . e ., groups of cells) of biodiversity significance, and (2) a site-based analysis to identify the specific sites (cells) of greatest biodiversity importance. We found that approximately 13% of the Coral Triangle was clustered into hotspots of high biodiversity importance. These areas occurred along the southern part of the Philippines, the north-eastern part of Malaysian Sabah, central to eastern reaches of Indonesia, the eastern part of Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands. By comparison, the site-based analysis identified seven sites of highest biodiversity importance in the Coral Triangle include: (1) the northern tip of Sulawesi Island, (2) Ambon Island, (3) Kei Islands, (4) Raja Ampat Archipelago of Indonesian Papua, (5) the Verde Island Passage, (6) the southern part of Negros Island, and (7) Cebu Island. This information is useful to inform participatory decision-making processes in the Coral Triangle region to identify priority areas for conservation and management. Highlights: We prioritized areas for marine conservation in the Coral Triangle region. The data used were species' ranges, occurrence records, habitat richness, threatened species, and sea turtle nesting sites. Nearly 13% of the Coral Triangle was clustered into areas of high biodiversity importance. The highest priority sites were the northern tip of Sulawesi, Ambon, Kei Islands, Raja Ampat Archipelago, in Indonesia; and Verde Island Passage, and the southern part of Negros and Cebu Islands, in the Philippines.


Global Marine Biological Diversity

Global Marine Biological Diversity PDF
Author: Center for Marine Conservation
Publisher: Island Press
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 383
View: 7041

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Book Description:
In 1989, the Center for Marine Conservation (CMC) joined a large group of international organizations in developing a Global Biodiversity Strategy. Now, CMC, the World Conservation Union, World Wildlife Fund, the World Bank, and the United Nations Environment Programmes have assembled a companion document, focusing on threats to life in the sea and ways to save, study, and use that life sustainably. This work, contributed by more than 100 experts, presents the most up-to-date information and views on the challenge of conserving the living sea. Illustrations, tables, figures, index.


Marine Environment Protection And Biodiversity Conservation

Marine Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation PDF
Author: Julian Roberts
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 289
View: 538

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Book Description:
Despite the potential benefits that the IMO's Particularly Sensitive Sea Area (PSSA) designation can deliver, recent practice within the IMO and by individual member states has considerably undermined confidence in this emerging concept. The focus of this book is on the events within the IMO that have led to this lack of confidence arising. In the process, this book presents an examination of coastal State practice with the PSSA concept.


Aquatic Biodiversity Conservation And Ecosystem Services

Aquatic Biodiversity Conservation and Ecosystem Services PDF
Author: Shin-ichi Nakano
Publisher: Springer
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 125
View: 4232

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Book Description:
This volume examines the topic of local biodiversity conservation in the Asia-Pacific region, one of the most rapidly changing areas in the world. With a focus on aquatic systems, this book offers insight on the state of local biodiversity, challenges in management and conservation of biodiversity, and newly developed methods for monitoring biodiversity. In addition, because the service provided by an ecosystem for humans is interlinked with conservation, the final part is dedicated to evaluating the socioeconomic aspect of ecosystem services, with special reference to local biodiversity. In effect, all contributions provide information that is invaluable for effective conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. This work will interest all stakeholders in biodiversity conservation, including policy makers, NPOs, NGOs, environment-related industries, and biodiversity researchers, not only in the Asia-Pacific region, but also across the entire globe.


Marine Conservation Biology

Marine Conservation Biology PDF
Author: Michael E. Soulé
Publisher: Island Press
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 496
View: 2288

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Book Description:
Marine Conservation Biology brings together for the first time in a single volume leading experts from around the world to apply the lessons and thinking of conservation biology to marine issues.


Biodiversity Conservation Law And Livelihoods Bridging The North South Divide

Biodiversity Conservation  Law and Livelihoods  Bridging the North South Divide PDF
Author: Michael I. Jeffery
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 307

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Book Description:
The IUCN Academy of Environmental Law Research Studies' third colloquium of 2005 brought together more than 130 experts from 27 nations on nearly every continent. This book brings together a number of the papers presented there and offers a global perspective on biodiversity conservation and the maintenance of sustainable cultures. It addresses issues from international, regional, and country-specific perspectives. The book is organized thematically to present a broad spectrum of issues, including the history and major governance structures in this area; the needs, problems, and prerequisites for biodiversity; area-based, species-based, and ecosystem-based conservation measures; the use of components of biodiversity and the processes affecting it; biosecurity; and access to and sharing of benefits from components of biodiversity and their economic value.


The Living Ocean

The Living Ocean PDF
Author: Boyce Thorne-Miller
Publisher: Island Press
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 240
View: 2084

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Book Description:
The first edition of The Living Ocean, published in 1991 by Island Press in association with Friends of the Earth, was widely praised by scientists, policymakers, instructors, and general readers as a useful and accessible introduction to the science and policy of biological diversity in marine environments. Since that time, much new research has been conducted and numerous national and international policy initiatives have been undertaken.With 1998 designated by the United Nations as the International Year of the Ocean, this new, revised and expanded, edition is a welcome and much-needed addition to the literature.This edition brings the volume up-to-date, and re-establishes it as an essential primer for anyone wishing to gain an understanding of marine biodiversity and how it can be protected. It provides an overview of basic concepts and principles and a review of relevant policy issues and existing instruments. The author:defines biological diversity and discusses the importance of threats to marine biodiversity reviews the current status of scientific knowledge describes the major coastal and oceanic ecosystem types and addresses the major threats in each presents a general discussion of the ways in which government and the public can protect marine biological diversity provides specific examples of national and international policies, legal instruments, programs, and institutions addresses how social, economic, political, and ethical considerations affect decisions to conserve marine biological diversity considers the involvement of citizens in developing ocean policy The book also includes a useful glossary that provides information about basic biological concepts, and a comprehensive bibliography. Throughout, the author emphasizes the relationship of human societies and governments to the living ocean, and the need to implement programs that will protect ecosystems and species.


Marine Freshwater And Wetlands Biodiversity Conservation

Marine  Freshwater  and Wetlands Biodiversity Conservation PDF
Author: David L. Hawksworth
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 399
View: 5457

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Book Description:
Marine, coastal and wetland habitats are threatened, through exploitation, and also by climate change, as ocean currents change course, sea levels rise, and rainfall patterns change. This book gathers papers on the biodiversity conservation of these increasingly threatened habitats. The papers provide a snapshot of the problems they face, and offer numerous examples which render this volume valuable to educators in marine, freshwater and wetlands ecology, conservation and ecological restoration.