Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessments

Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessments PDF
Author: Marcus J. Healey
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : un
Pages : 240
View: 2918

Get Book

Book Description:
Pollution prevention technologies are experiencing great growth as organizations seek the economies and benefits of their implementation. Environmental audits, anticipation of International Standards Organization (ISO) 9000, the desire to avoid future liabilities, costs, and accidental chemical releases, as well as to promote worker safety and a "green" image in the United States and internationally, combine to encourage businesses to adopt pollution prevention programs. The implementation of pollution prevention requires diverse engineering and management practices that reduce or preclude the pollution that reaches the air, water, or soil. Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessments, along with its accompanying software, provides business and technical managers with straightforward guidance on how to perform pollution prevention. The compiled software, HOW2DOP2, is industry- and process-tailored and will run on virtually any machine equipped with a Web browser. Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessments is geared for small businesses that do not have large environmental staffs trained in pollution prevention principles or the time to learn thoroughly all of the background information necessary to develop a specific pollution prevention plan. Concentrating on the technical and practical subjects associated with performing pollution prevention, this book, with the accompanying software, provides practitioners with the tools to develop pollution prevention plans and to enable their businesses to benefit from their implementation.


Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment

Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment PDF
Author:
Publisher:
Category :
Languages : un
Pages : 17
View: 3860

Get Book

Book Description:
The objective of this paper is to promote the Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment (PPOA) technique as a fundamental of pollution prevention for waste management. All key elements of an effective PPOA program are presented. These key elements include impacts of environmental laws on pollution prevention, PPOA concepts and overview, waste minimization opportunities assessment, reporting and monitoring waste minimization progress, and PPOA program implementation. As environmental laws evolve the focus is shifting from end-of-pipe pollution control to front-end source reduction. Waste minimization was mistakenly interpreted to mean the reduction of hazardous waste after generation in the past. The Pollution Prevention Act of 1990 has clearly defined its requirement on resource reduction. Waste reduction can be viewed as a criterion to assess all industrial processes and operations. The fundamental approach of PPOA focuses on a mass balance concept. This concept deals with tracking of chemicals from the point of purchase, through storage, utilization in the process, and waste generation at the end of process. In other words, PPOA is a technique to analyze this input/output process. By applying PPOA techniques, the framework of applicable compliance requirements to the current operation process is established. Furthermore, documentation of PPOA itself can meet as documentation requirements for environmental compliance. In general, the PPOA process consists of two phases. The first phase involves input and output process description and waste characterization. The second phase is an opportunities assessment for waste minimization from input/output waste characterization. These two phases are explained in detail in the paper.


Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessments For Research And Development Laboratories

Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessments for Research and Development Laboratories PDF
Author: Jill Engel-Cox
Publisher:
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : un
Pages : 100
View: 7021

Get Book

Book Description:
This handbook presents proven tools and examples of ways to reduce waste generated by R&D processes, projects, and programs. It assists researchers, environmental compliance staff, and managers of R&D programs in private industry, government, and university research departments in identifying ways to reduce chemical and material use, minimize the generation of waste, and lower associated costs. It includes a pollution prevention opportunity assessment that provides a simple and systematic approach for finding pollution prevention opportunities, developing them, and documenting these efforts. This method, coupled with a strong Pollution Prevention Program, has saved the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory $1.9 million in avoided waste-related costs over three years.


Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment For The Protective Forces

Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment for the Protective Forces PDF
Author:
Publisher:
Category :
Languages : un
Pages : 16
View: 5251

Get Book

Book Description:
Department of Energy (DOE) orders 5400.1 and 5400.3 mandate the development of a waste minimization program. The program's goals are to: (1) reduce volumes of hazardous wastes and toxicity, (2) implement a system of tracking and reporting improvements, and (3) devise a method for performing tasks. To satisfy the requirements of this program, Sandia conducts pollution prevention opportunity assessments (PPOAs) to identify waste-generating processes. The information collected from a PPOA then is used to identify waste minimization opportunities. This PPOA was conducted for the Protective Forces, according to the Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment Plan for SNL/California.


Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessments At Hanford

Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessments at Hanford PDF
Author:
Publisher:
Category :
Languages : un
Pages : 35
View: 1687

Get Book

Book Description:
The Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment (PPOA) is a pro- active way to look at a waste generating activity and identify opportunities to minimize wastes through a cost benefit analysis. Hanford's PPOA process is based upon the graded approach developed by the Kansas City Plant. Hanford further streamlined the process while building in more flexibility for the individual users. One of the most challenging aspects for implementing the PPOA process at Hanford is one overall mission which is environmental restoration, Now that the facilities are no longer in production, each has a different non- routine activity making it difficult to quantify the inputs and outputs of the activity under consideration.