**Author**: James E. Humphreys

**Publisher:**Cambridge University Press

**Category :**Mathematics

**Languages :**en

**Pages :**204

**View:**2999

**Book Description:**

A self-contained graduate textbook introducing the basic theory of Coxeter groups.

A self-contained graduate textbook introducing the basic theory of Coxeter groups.

Reflection groups and invariant theory is a branch of mathematics that lies at the intersection between geometry and algebra. The book contains a deep and elegant theory, evolved from various graduate courses given by the author over the past 10 years.

Chapter 1 introduces some of the terminology and notation used later and indicates prerequisites. Chapter 2 gives a reasonably thorough account of all finite subgroups of the orthogonal groups in two and three dimensions. The presentation is somewhat less formal than in succeeding chapters. For instance, the existence of the icosahedron is accepted as an empirical fact, and no formal proof of existence is included. Throughout most of Chapter 2 we do not distinguish between groups that are "geo metrically indistinguishable," that is, conjugate in the orthogonal group. Very little of the material in Chapter 2 is actually required for the sub sequent chapters, but it serves two important purposes: It aids in the development of geometrical insight, and it serves as a source of illustrative examples. There is a discussion offundamental regions in Chapter 3. Chapter 4 provides a correspondence between fundamental reflections and funda mental regions via a discussion of root systems. The actual classification and construction of finite reflection groups takes place in Chapter 5. where we have in part followed the methods of E. Witt and B. L. van der Waerden. Generators and relations for finite reflection groups are discussed in Chapter 6. There are historical remarks and suggestions for further reading in a Post lude.

Matroids appear in diverse areas of mathematics, from combinatorics to algebraic topology and geometry, and "Coxeter Matroids" provides an intuitive and interdisciplinary treatment of their theory. In this text, matroids are examined in terms of symmetric and finite reflection groups; also, symplectic matroids and the more general coxeter matroids are carefully developed. The Gelfand-Serganova theorem, which allows for the geometric interpretation of matroids as convex polytopes with certain symmetry properties, is presented, and in the final chapter, matroid representations and combinatorial flag varieties are discussed. With its excellent bibliography and index and ample references to current research, this work will be useful for graduate students and research mathematicians.

The Geometry and Topology of Coxeter Groups is a comprehensive and authoritative treatment of Coxeter groups from the viewpoint of geometric group theory. Groups generated by reflections are ubiquitous in mathematics, and there are classical examples of reflection groups in spherical, Euclidean, and hyperbolic geometry. Any Coxeter group can be realized as a group generated by reflection on a certain contractible cell complex, and this complex is the principal subject of this book. The book explains a theorem of Moussong that demonstrates that a polyhedral metric on this cell complex is nonpositively curved, meaning that Coxeter groups are "CAT(0) groups." The book describes the reflection group trick, one of the most potent sources of examples of aspherical manifolds. And the book discusses many important topics in geometric group theory and topology, including Hopf's theory of ends; contractible manifolds and homology spheres; the PoincarĂ© Conjecture; and Gromov's theory of CAT(0) spaces and groups. Finally, the book examines connections between Coxeter groups and some of topology's most famous open problems concerning aspherical manifolds, such as the Euler Characteristic Conjecture and the Borel and Singer conjectures.

This graduate/advanced undergraduate textbook contains a systematic and elementary treatment of finite groups generated by reflections. The approach is based on fundamental geometric considerations in Coxeter complexes, and emphasizes the intuitive geometric aspects of the theory of reflection groups. Key features include: many important concepts in the proofs are illustrated in simple drawings, which give easy access to the theory; a large number of exercises at various levels of difficulty; some Euclidean geometry is included along with the theory of convex polyhedra; no prerequisites are necessary beyond the basic concepts of linear algebra and group theory; and a good index and bibliography The exposition is directed at advanced undergraduates and first-year graduate students.

Geometric combinatorics describes a wide area of mathematics that is primarily the study of geometric objects and their combinatorial structure. This text is a compilation of expository articles at the interface between combinatorics and geometry.

Buildings are highly structured, geometric objects, primarily used in the finer study of the groups that act upon them. In Buildings and Classical Groups, the author develops the basic theory of buildings and BN-pairs, with a focus on the results needed to apply it to the representation theory of p-adic groups. In particular, he addresses spherical and affine buildings, and the "spherical building at infinity" attached to an affine building. He also covers in detail many otherwise apocryphal results. Classical matrix groups play a prominent role in this study, not only as vehicles to illustrate general results but as primary objects of interest. The author introduces and completely develops terminology and results relevant to classical groups. He also emphasizes the importance of the reflection, or Coxeter groups and develops from scratch everything about reflection groups needed for this study of buildings. In addressing the more elementary spherical constructions, the background pertaining to classical groups includes basic results about quadratic forms, alternating forms, and hermitian forms on vector spaces, plus a description of parabolic subgroups as stabilizers of flags of subspaces. The text then moves on to a detailed study of the subtler, less commonly treated affine case, where the background concerns p-adic numbers, more general discrete valuation rings, and lattices in vector spaces over ultrametric fields. Buildings and Classical Groups provides essential background material for specialists in several fields, particularly mathematicians interested in automorphic forms, representation theory, p-adic groups, number theory, algebraic groups, and Lie theory. No other available source provides such a complete and detailed treatment.

This book covers basic properties of complex reflection groups, such as characterization, Steinberg theorem, Gutkin-Opdam matrices, Solomon theorem and applications, including the basic findings of Springer theory on eigenspaces.