The Informal Economy In Developing Nations

The Informal Economy in Developing Nations PDF
Author: Erika Kraemer-Mbula
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 386
View: 2121

Get Book

Book Description:
This pioneering study offers a conceptual model and rich empirical evidence to help researchers and policy-makers understand informal innovation in developing countries.


The Informal Economy In Developing Countries

The Informal Economy in Developing Countries PDF
Author: Jean-Pierre Cling
Publisher: Routledge
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 334
View: 1061

Get Book

Book Description:
Informality is ubiquitous in most developing countries. Understanding the informal economy is therefore of utmost importance from a political, economic and social point of view. Paradoxically, despite its economic importance, knowledge is extremely limited regarding the informal economy. It remains largely unrecognized by researchers, is neglected by politicians, and is even negatively perceived as it is meant to disappear with development. This book aims to amend this situation by presenting recent high level research which studies the informal sector and informal employment. Fresh research into this subject is presented through empirical analysis which covers Asia, Africa and Latin America. Each chapter relies on data and a detailed knowledge of the context of the countries studied in order to question the dominant schools of thought on the origins and causes of informality. The results provide interesting insights into the constraints faced by informal workers, the dynamics of the informal economy and its link with poverty issues. On the basis of the evidences provided by results adequate policies could be defined to address informality issues. The principal characteristics of the informal sector testify to some profound similarities between developing countries: low qualifications and the precariousness of jobs, mediocre incomes and working conditions, atomization of production units and lack of articulation with the formal economy, etc. This general statement does not contradict the observation that there is a high level of heterogeneity in the sector and in informal employment within each country, confirmed by several chapters in this work. In the absence of a sufficient number of job creations, the informal sector essentially constitutes a refuge for workers seeking and is here to stay in the short and medium term, even in emerging countries.


Development Centre Studies Tackling Vulnerability In The Informal Economy

Development Centre Studies Tackling Vulnerability in the Informal Economy PDF
Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 169
View: 2611

Get Book

Book Description:
A majority of workers in the world are informally employed and contribute to economic and social development through market and non-market activities that are not protected, regulated, well-recognised or valued. This study provides an in-depth diagnosis of informality and the vulnerability prevailing in the informal economy. It explores new ideas to improve the lives of workers in the informal economy based on the ILO indicators of informality and the new OECD Key Indicators of Informality based on Individuals and their Household (KIIbIH).


Informal Work In Developed Nations

Informal Work in Developed Nations PDF
Author: Enrico Marcelli
Publisher: Routledge
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 2658

Get Book

Book Description:
Almost everyone residing in a developed nation knows someone who has engaged in paid work that is licit but not reported to the government (e.g., babysitting, gardening, construction, financial consulting). But while most acknowledge that such work is helpful to the individuals involved, and that informal work may enhance a sense of community, most scholars view it as a pre-modern form of exchange and something that disappears as capitalist markets expand globally. Both mainstream and heterodox economics typically assume that there is an inevitable shift towards the formalization of goods and services provisioning as societies become more "advanced" or "developed" (the "formalization thesis"). In these views, the existence of informal activities is a manifestation of backwardness and it is assumed that they will disappear as an economy becomes more "modern." This book challenges these conventional theses about the linear trajectory of informal work and economic development by arguing that informal work is not trivial for understanding modern capitalist economies, and that both mainstream and heterodox theories about the economy must be altered to address the role of informal work in relatively developed economies. This edited collection focuses on informal work in various developed nations, including Canada, the United States, and several in Europe. It will therefore be of interest to policymakers, as well as students and researchers in development studies, social policy, sociology, anthropology, public health, geography, economics and planning. Enrico Marcelli is Assistant Professor of Sociology at San Diego State University, USA. Colin C. Williams is Professor of Public Policy at the University of Sheffield, UK. Pascale Joassart is Assistant Professor of Geography at San Diego State University, USA.


The Informal Economy

The Informal Economy PDF
Author: Alejandro Portes
Publisher: JHU Press
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 327
View: 4584

Get Book

Book Description:
A New York roofer requests payment in cash. A Bogota car mechanic sets up "shop" on a quiet side street. Four Mexican immigrants assemble semiconductors in a San Diego home. A Leningrad doctor sells needed medicine to a desperate patient. All are part of a growing worldwide phenomenon that is widely known but little understood. The informal or underground economy is thriving today, not only in the Third World countries where it was first reported and studied but also in Eastern Europe and the developed nations of the West. The Informal Economy is the first book to bring together studies from all three of these settings and to integrate them into a coherent theoretical framework. Taking an international perspective, the authors dispel a number of misconceptions about the informal economy. They make clear, for instance, that it is not solely a province of the poor. Cutting across social strata, it reflects a political and economic realignment between employers and workers and a shift in the regulatory mission of the government. Throughout, the authors' theoretical observations serve not only to unify material from diverse sources but also to map out directions for further research.


Liberalization And Economic Performance Of The Informal Sector

Liberalization and Economic Performance of the Informal Sector PDF
Author: Indrajit Bairagya
Publisher: Routledge
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 194
View: 2326

Get Book

Book Description:
Impact of liberalization on informality has been a subject of intense debate for many years and the major issue that has come up is whether liberalization helps to grow informal sector and informality in the economy or it is an obstruction for informal sector’s growth. Thus, in the light of the recent liberalization measure, this book sets to examine general presumptions of the development of informal sector in the context of the Indian economy. The book begins with a broad framework for analysis of output contribution and growth of the informal sector. Liberalization is measured by openness indices and inter-sectoral linkages. Impact of liberalization on growth contributions of informal sector is captured by openness indices (i.e. degree of openness to trade and principal component scores), technical efficiency (measured by Data Envelope Analysis and estimated by Tobit Censored Regression model) and components of productivity (computed by Malmquist total factor productivity index) of the informal enterprises by inter-sectoral linkages. The linkages are modeled theoretically in a neo-classical growth theory and empirically measured by sub-contracting arrangements between formal and informal enterprises. In addition, the book also provides implications on promotion of informal sector from the viewpoint of employment generation. The description and analyses of the book will help with policy implications and enlighten the readers on the development of informal sector.


Revisiting The Informal Sector

Revisiting the Informal Sector PDF
Author: Sarbajit Chaudhuri
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 243
View: 4548

Get Book

Book Description:
This book provides insight into the diverse aspects of the informal sector, its role in the context of unemployment, child labor, globalization and environment, as well as its multi-faceted interaction with the other sectors of the economy.


The Urban Informal Sector In Asia

The Urban Informal Sector in Asia PDF
Author: S. V. Sethuraman
Publisher: International Labour Organization
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 161
View: 6380

Get Book

Book Description:
An annotated bibliography which brings together about 240 recent titles on the urban informal sector in Asia, an area of high employment and rapid growth. Arranged thematically, it covers training, women, labour market, urban poverty, working conditions and economic growth.


The Informal Sector In Francophone Africa

The Informal Sector in Francophone Africa PDF
Author: Nancy Benjamin
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 300
View: 2213

Get Book

Book Description:
This book provides a detailed description and analysis of: the characteristics and functioning of informal sector firms; the causes of the pervasiveness of these firms; the relations between formal and informal firms; the consequences of informality for economic development; and appropriate policy responses.