The Russian Presidency Of Dmitry Medvedev 2008 2012

The Russian Presidency of Dmitry Medvedev  2008 2012 PDF
Author: J. L. Black
Publisher: Routledge
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 234
View: 4112

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Book Description:
The term "tandem" was used to describe the Putin-Medvedev combination which ruled Russia from 2008 to 2012, when Medvedev was president and Putin prime minister. Many people saw Putin as the real wielder of power, with Medvedev as his puppet. Others, however, saw Medvedev as a visionary, someone who envisioned large scale schemes - even though these schemes have not yet come to fruition. At the same time, many in the West regarded Medvedev favourably, and gave him credit for raising expectations among both the elite and the middle classes in Russia in such a way as to make it difficult for the Russian state to return to its old ways. This book presents a comprehensive survey of the Medvedev presidency, covering all areas including politics, the economy, international relations and social developments. The author concludes that it is still too early to assess Medvedev's achievements definitively.


The Russian Presidency Of Dmitry Medvedev 2008 2012

The Russian Presidency of Dmitry Medvedev  2008 2012 PDF
Author: J. L. Black
Publisher:
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 233
View: 1226

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Book Description:
The term "tandem" was used to describe the Putin-Medvedev combination which ruled Russia from 2008 to 2012, when Medvedev was president and Putin prime minister. Many people saw Putin as the real wielder of power, with Medvedev as his puppet. Other people, however, saw Medvedev as a visionary, someone who envisioned large scale schemes - even though these schemes have not yet come to fruition. At the same time, many in the West regarded Medvedev favourably, and gave him credit for raising expectations among both the elite and the middle classes in Russia in such a way as to make it difficult for the Russian state to return to its old ways. This book presents a comprehensive survey of the Medvedev presidency, covering all areas including politics, the economy, international relations and social developments. The author concludes that it is still too early to assess Medvedev's achievements definitively.


Russian Foreign Policy Under Dmitry Medvedev 2008 2012

Russian Foreign Policy under Dmitry Medvedev  2008 2012 PDF
Author: Valerie Pacer
Publisher: Routledge
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 262
View: 1700

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Book Description:
Although the presidency of Dmitry Medvedev is often seen as a continuation of Vladimir Putin’s presidency, with the same policies applied in the same way, this book disagrees, arguing that Medvedev’s foreign policy was significantly different from Putin’s. The book considers especially the relationship between Russia and the Euro-Atlantic security configuration, including both NATO and the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe, a relationship of great importance to Russia, given constant attention. It discusses a wide variety of issues, including "frozen conflicts", security co-operation and nuclear weapons reductions, highlights the different tone and approach under Medvedev, exemplified especially by his draft European Security Treaty, and shows how after Putin’s return to the presidency there has been a shift in foreign policy, with much great emphasis on influencing Russia’s immediate neighbours and on Eurasian union, and less emphasis on rapprochement and co-operation.


Dmitry Medvedev

Dmitry Medvedev PDF
Author: Abhishek Patel
Publisher:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 56
View: 2400

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Book Description:
Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev is a Russian politician who is serving as Deputy Chairman of the Security Council of Russia, headed by Vladimir Putin. He served as prime minister of Russia between 2012 and 2020. From 2008 to 2012, Medvedev served as president of Russia. IndexChapter 1: Dmitry Medvedev1.1 Student years and academic career1.2 Career in St Petersburg1.3 Career in the central government1.4 Presidential candidateChapter 2: 2008 presidential elections2.1 Election victoryChapter 3: Presidency (2008-12)3.1 Personnel appointments3.2 Main external eventsChapter 4: Domestic policy4.1 Police reform4.2 Anti-corruption campaign4.3 Development of the political system4.4 Election reformChapter 5: Foreign policy5.1 Relationship with Putin5.2 2012 presidential electionsChapter 6: Prime Minister6.1 First year6.2 CrimeaChapter 7: Second Term7.1 ResignationChapter 8: Personal lifeChapter 9: Anti-corruption9.1 PublicationsChapter 10: Presidency of Dmitry Medvedev10.1 Personnel appointmentsChapter 11: Inauguration of Dmitry Medvedev11.1 Main part11.2 Speech of Vladimir Putin11.3 The Oath11.4 Speech of Dmitry Medvedev11.5 Final partChapter 12: Tandemocracy12.1 Opinion: Putin is in charge12.2 Opinion: Medvedev and Putin share the powerChapter 13: Russian police reform13.1 Chronology13.2 Main changes and aims of the reform


Presidents Of Russia

Presidents of Russia PDF
Author: Source Wikipedia
Publisher: Booksllc.Net
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 52
View: 3010

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Book Description:
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 50. Chapters: Boris Yeltsin, Cheget, Decree of the President of Russia, Dmitry Medvedev, Impeachment in Russia, List of presidents of Russia, Martial law in Russia, Vladimir Putin. Excerpt: Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Russian: IPA: ( listen); born 7 October 1952) is a Russian politician who has been the President of Russia since 7 May 2012. Putin previously served as President from 2000 to 2008, and as Prime Minister of Russia from 1999 to 2000 and again from 2008 to 2012. Putin was also previously the Chairman of United Russia. For sixteen years Putin was an officer in the KGB, rising to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel, before he retired to enter politics in his native Saint Petersburg in 1991. He moved to Moscow in 1996 and joined President Boris Yeltsin's administration where he rose quickly, becoming Acting President on 31 December 1999 when Yeltsin resigned unexpectedly. Putin won the subsequent 2000 presidential election and was re-elected in 2004. Because of constitutionally mandated term limits, Putin was ineligible to run for a third consecutive presidential term in 2008. Dmitry Medvedev won the 2008 presidential election and appointed Putin as Prime Minister, beginning a period of so-called "tandemocracy." In September 2011, following a change in the law, Putin announced that he would seek a third, non-consecutive term as President in the 2012 presidential election, an announcement which led to large-scale protests in many Russian cities. He won the election in March 2012 and will serve an increased, six-year term. Putin has been widely credited for overseeing a return of political stability and economic progress to Russia, ending the crisis of the 1990s. During Putin's first premiership and presidency (1999-2008), real incomes increased by a factor of 2.5, real wages more than tripled; unemployment and poverty...


Computational Propaganda

Computational Propaganda PDF
Author: Samuel C. Woolley
Publisher: Oxford Studies in Digital Poli
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 288
View: 3116

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Book Description:
Social media platforms do not just circulate political ideas, they support manipulative disinformation campaigns. While some of these disinformation campaigns are carried out directly by individuals, most are waged by software, commonly known as bots, programmed to perform simple, repetitive, robotic tasks. Some social media bots collect and distribute legitimate information, while others communicate with and harass people, manipulate trending algorithms, and inundate systems with spam. Campaigns made up of bots, fake accounts, and trolls can be coordinated by one person, or a small group of people, to give the illusion of large-scale consensus. Some political regimes use political bots to silence opponents and to push official state messaging, to sway the vote during elections, and to defame critics, human rights defenders, civil society groups, and journalists. This book argues that such automation and platform manipulation, amounts to a new political communications mechanism that Samuel Woolley and Philip N. Noward call "computational propaganda." This differs from older styles of propaganda in that it uses algorithms, automation, and human curation to purposefully distribute misleading information over social media networks while it actively learns from and mimicks real people so as to manipulate public opinion across a diverse range of platforms and device networks. This book includes cases of computational propaganda from nine countries (both democratic and authoritarian) and four continents (North and South America, Europe, and Asia), covering propaganda efforts over a wide array of social media platforms and usage in different types of political processes (elections, referenda, and during political crises).


The Politics Of Presidential Term Limits

The Politics of Presidential Term Limits PDF
Author: Alexander Baturo
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Category : Comparative government
Languages : en
Pages : 643
View: 3169

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Book Description:
Presidential term limits are one of the most important institutions in presidentialism. They are at the center of contemporary and historical debates and political battles between incumbent presidents seeking additional terms and their political opponents warning against democratic backsliding and the dangers of personalism. Bringing the team of country experts, comparativists, theorists, constitutional lawyers, and policy practitioners together, The Politics of Presidential Term Limits is a book that aims to provide a one-stop source for the comprehensive study of this topic. It includes theory and survey chapters that explain presidential term limits as an idea, constitutional norm, and an institution; country and comparative chapters including historical, intra-regime, and comparative regional studies, chapters that examine the effects of term limits as well as studies from the perspective of on-the-ground international constitutional builders and that ask what difference do term limits make.--Provided by publisher


Vladimir Putin

Vladimir Putin PDF
Author: Charles River Charles River Editors
Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 72
View: 7305

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Book Description:
*Includes pictures. *Includes footnotes and a bibliography for further reading. "There is no such thing as a former KGB man." - Vladimir Putin Despite serving as the President of Russia from 2000 to 2008 following Boris Yeltsin's regime, and again since the spring of 2012, remarkably little is known of enigmatic former KGB spy Vladimir Putin, other than the most mainstream life statistics and some minimally revealing fragments of memoirs and anecdotal observations. Putin has served as Russia's Prime Minister as well, in a calculated political tango with Dmitri Medvedev for the purpose of overcoming term limits for the Russian presidency, thereby allowing him to remain a dominant politician well into the 21st century. Putin rose to power in 1999, when Boris Yeltsin dismissed his entire cabinet and fourth Prime Minister in seventeen months, Sergy Stapashin. Fearing that he might be prosecuted once out of office, the exhausted outgoing president drew upon the most loyal resource he had by bringing Lieutenant-Colonel Putin, a former Soviet intelligence agent, out of the remnants of the KGB and into the new intelligence network, the Federal Security Service, before offering him leadership of the Kremlin. When Yeltsin needed it most, "Putin pulled out all the stops...bullying the parliament with a threatening speech, and using an embarrassing video tape to discredit the Russian Prosecutor-General." Thus, at 47 years of age, Putin became the youngest head-of-state in Russia during modern times, even though he had never held public office in his life. On the face of his administrations, Russia has enjoyed both an economic resurgence and the return of a confident national identity following the break-up of the Soviet Union. Others cite his "systematic efforts to dismantle the country's democracy and independent media." Masha Gessen, an author, historian and journalist living in Russia, speaks openly of Vladimir Gushinsky's arrest, a removal of the most powerful figure in the country's private media. She speaks as well of suspicious murders, such as that of Anna Politkovskaya, who wrote significant pieces on the crisis in Chechnya, a sensitive subject to Putin's Kremlin. With many years spent as a covert figure in the KGB, Putin, to this day, remains a silent tactician who represents the perfect poker face to the outside world, or as one historian put it, "a professional non-descript." It is unknown to what degree he grieves for the dismantled Soviet system, but he has been described as "a clever and ruthless political operator with a hunger for Russian power, and not much concern for the niceties of democracy or diplomacy." In recent years, Putin has startled those from within and without through carefully prepared actions. In the first administration, he reformed the regional system, making it possible for governors to be fired by the president. Those he dismissed were replaced with officers from the old KGB. In a real sense, Russia is still guided by the former agency, at the top and mid-level. During Putin's early presidency, the KGB led an "aggressive redistribution of assets...re-nationalization of Yukos, once the world's largest private oil company," control of railroads, and state corporations (Rosneft, the state oil company, and Rosoboronexport, state defense technology exporter). In daily life, it is said that the simplest transactions have become problematic in present-day Russia - "from getting a driver's license to getting a license for importing anything...is unpredictable and humiliating. You're taken for bribes, contracts are broken, there is violence [and] businesses are taken away." Whatever the realities of Vladimir Vladimriovich Putin's inner mind, foreign journalists who have covered him for years agree that he can be analyzed by "deduction, more than first-hand observation."


Nahe Null

Nahe Null PDF
Author: Natan Dubowizki
Publisher: ebook Berlin Verlag
Category : Fiction
Languages : de
Pages : 224
View: 5132

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Book Description:
Käufliche Rechtsprechung, Vetternwirtschaft, Korruption, Auftragsmorde: Dieser Roman über die russische Realität ist gangsta fiction, ein Husarenritt entlang der Abgründe post - sowjetischer Illusionen. Aufgrund seines authentischen Stils ist er eine literarische Entdeckung, durch den Autor nicht weniger als eine politische Sensation. Denn hinter dem Pseudonym Dubowizki steht wohl niemand Geringerer als Wladislaw Surkow, Kreml-Chefideologe und »dritter Mann« im russischen Staat.


From Cold War To Hot Peace

From Cold War to Hot Peace PDF
Author: Michael McFaul
Publisher: Penguin UK
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 496
View: 2572

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Book Description:
A revelatory, behind-the-scenes account of Russian-American relations, from a former US ambassador and 'Obama's top White House advisor on Russia policy' (The New York Times) In 2008, when Michael McFaul was asked to leave his perch at Stanford and join President-elect Barack Obama's national security team, he had no idea that he would find himself at the beating heart of one of today's most contentious international relationships. McFaul had been studying and visiting Russia for decades, becoming one of America's preeminent scholars on the country during the first Putin era. During President Obama's first term, McFaul helped craft the policy known as "Reset," which fostered unprecedented collaboration between the two countries under Dmitry Medvedev's presidency. Later, as U.S. ambassador from 2012 to 2014, he witnessed firsthand how Vladimir Putin's new rise interrupted this era of cooperation and returned Russian-American relations to a level of hostility not known since the darkest days of the Cold War. From the outset of his ambassadorship, the Kremlin accused McFaul of being sent by Obama to foment revolution against Putin's regime. This resulting insider's account - uniquely combining history, politics and intimate personal knowledge of the corridors of power - takes us from Putin's dacha to ornate Kremlin chambers and the Oval Office, to explain how Russia really works, and why the world has entered a dangerous new era of confrontation.