The United Nations And Human Rights

The United Nations and Human Rights PDF
Author: Philip Alston
Publisher: Oxford [England] : Clarendon Press ; New York : Oxford University Press
Category : Human rights.
Languages : en
Pages : 765
View: 3770

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Book Description:
Over the past twenty years the United Nations human rights regime has developed very rapidly. Various new treaties have entered into force and many new procedures and monitoring bodies have been created. The complexity of the system is now such that even specialists are sometimes lost in the resulting maze. The time is thus ripe for evaluation, streamlining, and further development of the regime.


The United Nations And Human Rights

The United Nations and Human Rights PDF
Author: Frédéric Mégret
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 800
View: 547

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The very concept of human rights implies governmental accountability. To ensure that governments are indeed held accountable for their treatment of citizens and others the United Nations has established a wide range of mechanisms to monitor compliance, and to seek to prevent as well as respond to violations. The panoply of implementation measures that the UN has taken since 1945 has resulted in a diverse and complex set of institutional arrangements, the effectiveness of which varies widely. Indeed, there is much doubt as to the effectiveness of much of the UN's human rights efforts but also about what direction it should take. Inevitable instances of politicization and the hostile, or at best ambivalent, attitude of most governments, has at times endangered the fragile progress made on the more technical fronts. At the same time, technical efforts cannot dispense with the complex politics of actualizing the promise of human rights at and through the UN. In addition to significant actual and potential problems of duplication, overlapping and inconsistent approaches, there are major problems of under-funding and insufficient expertise. The complexity of these arrangements and the difficulty in evaluating their impact makes a comprehensive guide of the type provided here all the more indispensable. These essays critically examine the functions, procedures, and performance of each of the major UN organs dealing with human rights, including the Security Council and the International Court of Justice as well as the more specialized bodies monitoring the implementation of human rights treaties. Significant attention is devoted to the considerable efforts at reforming the UN's human rights machinery, as illustrated most notably by the creation of the Human Rights Council to replace the Commission on Human Rights. The book also looks at the relationship between the various bodies and the potential for major reforms and restructuring.


China The United Nations And Human Rights

China  the United Nations  and Human Rights PDF
Author: Ann Kent
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 336
View: 2732

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Book Description:
Selected by Choice magazine as a Outstanding Academic Book for 2000 Nelson Mandela once said, "Human rights have become the focal point of international relations." This has certainly become true in American relations with the People's Republic of China. Ann Kent's book documents China's compliance with the norms and rules of international treaties, and serves as a case study of the effectiveness of the international human rights regime, that network of international consensual agreements concerning acceptable treatment of individuals at the hands of nation-states. Since the early 1980s, and particularly since 1989, by means of vigorous monitoring and the strict maintenance of standards, United Nations human rights organizations have encouraged China to move away from its insistence on the principle of noninterference, to take part in resolutions critical of human rights conditions in other nations, and to accept the applicability to itself of human rights norms and UN procedures. Even though China has continued to suppress political dissidents at home, and appears at times resolutely defiant of outside pressure to reform, Ann Kent argues that it has gradually begun to implement some international human rights standards.


The United Nations And Human Rights

The United Nations and Human Rights PDF
Author: United Nations. Department of Public Information
Publisher: United Nations Publications
Category : Human rights
Languages : en
Pages : 268
View: 4568

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Book Description: