Ascites Hyponatremia And Hepatorenal Syndrome

Ascites  Hyponatremia  and Hepatorenal Syndrome PDF
Author: A. L. Gerbes
Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 212
View: 1994

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Book Description:
At the cutting edge of pathomechanisms and treatment strategies Ascites is the most frequent and hepatorenal syndrome the most lethal complication in liver cirrhosis. In recent years, major progress has been made regarding effective treatment of these complications, thus reducing mortality in patients. This publication highlights and critically appraises recent achievements and novel advances, and at the same time provides the background needed to grasp novel concepts. Topics treated include complications of paracentesis, the right choice of plasma expanders, and selection of patients who will experience survival benefit from transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt. Hepatorenal syndrome, on the other hand, is responsible for a broad spectrum of manifestations caused by acute kidney injury, which until recently was considered a lethal condition. Drug treatments to improve renal function and prolong survival are therefore also discussed, including important issues for clinical outcome which are still under debate. Moreover, the role of combined kidney-liver transplantation versus conventional liver-only transplantation is addressed, as well as the use of vaptans in hyponatremia and their controversial role in the treatment of ascites. Renowned experts share their knowledge and expertise and provide an international perspective. Their contributions include up-to-date references and a bullet-point summary, making this publication most valuable for practitioners, clinicians and scientists in the field.


Ascites

Ascites PDF
Author: Luis Rodrigo
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 174
View: 1785

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Book Description:
The term "ascites" is from the Greek word askites meaning "baglike." Although most commonly due to cirrhosis, severe liver disease or metastatic cancer, its presence can be a sign of other significant medical problems, such as Budd-Chiari syndrome. Diagnosis of the cause is usually done with blood tests, an ultrasound scan of the abdomen, and direct removal of the fluid by a needle or paracentesis (which may also be therapeutic). Treatment using medications (diuretics), external drainage, or other treatments is clearly defined. In this book, the authors describe the physiopathology of the diverse causes of ascites,the types of treatments recommended, the recent advances achieved, the complications and the prognosis of the different clinical situations that doctors must face.


Ascites

Ascites PDF
Author: Jens H. Henriksen
Publisher: Biota Publishing
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 116
View: 6392

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Book Description:
This volume deals with the history, aetiology, pathophysiology, symptoms, signs, prognosis, and rational treatment of ascites. During the past decade, our knowledge of the pathophysiology of ascites has increased substantially and more specific therapies are now based on aetiology and pathophysiology. It is the intention of this book to review recent progress in pathophysiology of ascites and therapies based on pathophysiology. Although the different types of ascites have a different aetiology and very different pathophysiology, the development of fluid in the peritoneal cavity is always a bad clinical sign. It has a severe prognosis, which is mainly dependent on the aetiology and progression of the underlying disease. However, among patients with ascites, the prognosis may be very different, mainly owing to the presence of portal venous hypertension, malignancy in the abdominal cavity, and end-stage congestive heart failure. The addition of complications like the hepatorenal syndrome and bacterial peritonitis, whether spontaneous or secondary, adds heavily to the bad prognosis. Since hepatic ascites are by far the most complex with respect to pathophysiology, complications, and treatment, emphasis is put on the description of this entity. Ascites of other aetiologies are mentioned along with hepatic ascites, in particular, if the pathophysiology differs from ascites of hepatic origin.


Ascites And Renal Dysfunction In Liver Disease

Ascites and Renal Dysfunction in Liver Disease PDF
Author: Pere Ginés
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 464
View: 5649

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Book Description:
There has been very little written on the interaction of the liverand kidney. This book addresses the increasing incidence andsignificance of diseases, such as ascites, renal dysfunction,cirrhosis and hypertension where both organs are involved. This textbook is essential, even for confirmed practitioners andcontains current information regarding treatment and therapy forpatients with cirrhosis and ascites, clearly and effectivelypresented by the top international experts within this field. The second edition is entirely revised and updated and placesgreater emphasis on therapy.