Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessments

Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessments PDF
Author: Marcus J. Healey
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 240
View: 7550

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Book Description:
Pollution prevention technologies are experiencing great growth as organizations seek the economies and benefits of their implementation. Environmental audits, anticipation of International Standards Organization (ISO) 9000, the desire to avoid future liabilities, costs, and accidental chemical releases, as well as to promote worker safety and a "green" image in the United States and internationally, combine to encourage businesses to adopt pollution prevention programs. The implementation of pollution prevention requires diverse engineering and management practices that reduce or preclude the pollution that reaches the air, water, or soil. Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessments, along with its accompanying software, provides business and technical managers with straightforward guidance on how to perform pollution prevention. The compiled software, HOW2DOP2, is industry- and process-tailored and will run on virtually any machine equipped with a Web browser. Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessments is geared for small businesses that do not have large environmental staffs trained in pollution prevention principles or the time to learn thoroughly all of the background information necessary to develop a specific pollution prevention plan. Concentrating on the technical and practical subjects associated with performing pollution prevention, this book, with the accompanying software, provides practitioners with the tools to develop pollution prevention plans and to enable their businesses to benefit from their implementation.


Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment

Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment PDF
Author:
Publisher:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 17
View: 7333

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Book Description:
The objective of this paper is to promote the Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment (PPOA) technique as a fundamental of pollution prevention for waste management. All key elements of an effective PPOA program are presented. These key elements include impacts of environmental laws on pollution prevention, PPOA concepts and overview, waste minimization opportunities assessment, reporting and monitoring waste minimization progress, and PPOA program implementation. As environmental laws evolve the focus is shifting from end-of-pipe pollution control to front-end source reduction. Waste minimization was mistakenly interpreted to mean the reduction of hazardous waste after generation in the past. The Pollution Prevention Act of 1990 has clearly defined its requirement on resource reduction. Waste reduction can be viewed as a criterion to assess all industrial processes and operations. The fundamental approach of PPOA focuses on a mass balance concept. This concept deals with tracking of chemicals from the point of purchase, through storage, utilization in the process, and waste generation at the end of process. In other words, PPOA is a technique to analyze this input/output process. By applying PPOA techniques, the framework of applicable compliance requirements to the current operation process is established. Furthermore, documentation of PPOA itself can meet as documentation requirements for environmental compliance. In general, the PPOA process consists of two phases. The first phase involves input and output process description and waste characterization. The second phase is an opportunities assessment for waste minimization from input/output waste characterization. These two phases are explained in detail in the paper.


Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessments For Research And Development Laboratories

Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessments for Research and Development Laboratories PDF
Author: Jill Engel-Cox
Publisher:
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 100
View: 6754

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Book Description:
This handbook presents proven tools and examples of ways to reduce waste generated by R&D processes, projects, and programs. It assists researchers, environmental compliance staff, and managers of R&D programs in private industry, government, and university research departments in identifying ways to reduce chemical and material use, minimize the generation of waste, and lower associated costs. It includes a pollution prevention opportunity assessment that provides a simple and systematic approach for finding pollution prevention opportunities, developing them, and documenting these efforts. This method, coupled with a strong Pollution Prevention Program, has saved the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory $1.9 million in avoided waste-related costs over three years.


Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessments

Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessments PDF
Author: Jill A. Engel-Cox
Publisher: Blue Agama Books
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 798

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Book Description:
From small businesses to industrial processes, reducing waste, cost, and use of materials, energy, and water can be achieved more effectively when operations are reviewed methodically and when a business? employees are engaged. This handbook on pollution prevention opportunity assessments presents a proven method to reduce waste generated by businesses and industrial operations of all sizes. It clearly defines steps to identify ways to reduce chemical and material use, minimize the generation of waste, and lower associated costs. The pollution prevention opportunity assessment method presented in the book provides a simple and systematic approach for finding pollution prevention opportunities, developing them, and documenting these efforts.


Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment For The K 25 Site Steam Plant Level 3

Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment for the K 25 Site Steam Plant    Level 3 PDF
Author:
Publisher:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 120
View: 6756

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Book Description:
A Level 3 pollution prevention opportunity assessment (PPOA) was performed for the K-1501 Steam Plant at the K-25 Site. The primary objective was to identify and evaluate pollution prevention (P2) options to reduce the quantities of each waste stream generated by the Steam Plant. For each of the waste streams, P2 options were evaluated to first reduce the quantity of waste generated and second to recycle the waste. This report provides a process description of the facility; identification, evaluation, and recommendations of P2 options; an implementation schedule with funding sources; and conclusions. Largely for economic reasons, only 3 of the 14 P2 options are being recommended for implementation. All are source reduction options. When implemented, these three options are estimated to reduce the annual generation of waste by 658,412 kg and will result in a cost savings of approximately $29,232/year for the K-25 Site. The recommended options are to: install a flue gas return System in Boiler 7; reduce steam loss from traps; and increase lapse time between rinses. The four boilers currently in operation at the Steam Plant use natural gas or fuel oil as fuel sources.


Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment Approach Training And Technical Assistance For Doe Contractors

Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment Approach  Training  and Technical Assistance for DOE Contractors PDF
Author:
Publisher:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 54
View: 2759

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Book Description:
One of the tools used in a successful pollution prevention program is a pollution prevention opportunity assessment (PPOA). The purpose of this project was to share the Kansas City Plants̀ (KCPs̀) PPOA expertise with other Department of Energy (DOE) personnel and DOE contractors. This consisted of five major activities in FY94: (1) Validating DOEs̀ PPOA Graded Approach methodology; (2) Providing DOE-funded PPOA training and technical assistance to interested DOE personnel and DOE contractors; (3) Developing a promotional campaign; (4) Conducting a feasibility study to develop a DOE-wide PPOA information exchange mechanism; and (5) Organizing and coordinating information sharing among related DOE EM-334 pollution prevention projects. This report documents the FY94 efforts, lessons learned, and future plans for all of the PPOA-related activities.